There are many restorative dental procedures available for strengthening severely damaged and infected teeth. In some cases, though, it just is not possible to restore a damaged or infected tooth and extraction is the best option. Extraction can also be necessary when you have impacted wisdom teeth or overcrowding. A dentist can examine your teeth and determine if extraction is necessary in your case. Dr. John Leitner is your Grand Haven, MI, dentist for tooth extraction.
Reasons for Extracting Teeth
Pulling out damaged or infected teeth that cannot be restored is important for preventing the spread of infection to other areas of the mouth. If other teeth become infected, they might ultimately require extraction too. Your Grand Haven dentist can determine whether or not you have any teeth in need of extraction. Extraction is recommended in the following situations:
- Impacted wisdom teeth that will not erupt completely
- Teeth with an extensive amount of infection
- Teeth that have been severely damaged due to trauma or injury
- Teeth that are overcrowded and do not have sufficient space
- Baby teeth that have not fallen out on their own by an appropriate age
Procedure for Extracting Teeth
Prior to the extraction procedure, an x-ray is usually taken so your Grand Haven dentist can view the tooth’s root. It is important to see how the root is positioned prior to the beginning extraction process. If the root is positioned in an unusual manner, extraction can potentially be more difficult. The x-ray allows the dentist to anticipate potential problems and make the appropriate adjustments.
During the extraction procedure, local anesthesia is used to numb the area where the tooth is being extracted and minimize discomfort. A sedative can also be administered to help you relax during the procedure. Once the problem tooth has been extracted, it generally takes between one and two weeks for the extraction site to completely heal.
After the Extraction
One thing most people don’t realize about having a tooth extracted is that as the area heals some of the surrounding jawbone ends up deteriorating. As a result, the gums also lose volume and shape. This issue is often more severe when a tooth in the front of the mouth has to be extracted.
So, how does our Grand Haven, MI, general dentist prevent these negative changes from impacting your smile permanently? Through bone grafting and socket preservation procedures, of course. Once the tooth has been extracted, we will place a unique grafting material into the socket where the extraction took place.
This grafting material is similar to natural bone and will help to support bone growth while also preserving the shape and appearance of the gum tissue. Once the graft is in place, collagen will then be placed over the grafting material to protect the graft and the new bone that is forming. From there, a temporary tooth replacement will be set in place until the area has fully healed and is ready for a permanent prosthetic.
Extraction of a tooth can be required in several situations, including infection, damage, and overcrowding. Impacted wisdom teeth that have not fully erupted can also require extraction. To find out if extraction is necessary in your case, schedule an appointment with Dr. Leitner, your Grand Haven, MI, dentist, by calling the office at (616) 842-2850.